Craftsman bungalow

Craftsman Bungalows (1905 -1930) were originally inspired by two California brothers—Charles Sumner Green and Henry Mather Green—who practiced in Pasadena from 1893 to 1914. Its immense popularity in the United States springs from a rejection of the constraints of the Victorian era, and from the fact that it lent itself well to both modest and impressive house designs. The Craftsman Bungalow is recognized by the deliberate use of natural materials, its emphasis on structural form, and a casual relationship with the out-of-doors. Sometimes with an extra half story, the asymmetrical facade features a large front porch. The roof is low-pitched with generally front facing gable ends. The Craftsman Bungalow has exposed beams beneath overhanging eaves, projecting brackets, and a propensity toward Swiss or Japanese motifs. Native materials such as river rock were often used, and trim (timber trusses, brackets, etc.) is exposed.

The Craftsman Bungalow is an all American housing style, but it has its spiritual roots in India. Native houses in the province of Bengal were called bangla or bangala. British colonists adapted these one-story thatch-roofed huts to use as summer homes. For their comfortable bangla, the British arranged dining rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, and bathrooms around central living rooms. This efficient floor plan became the prototype for America’s Craftsman Bungalows.

CHARACTERISTICS

Structural Form

  • Simple box on raised foundation
  • Horizontal massing
  • One story, low sweeping eaves
  • Broad porches and patios

Roof

  • Low-pitched with front facing gables
  • Wide eaves
  • Exposed rafters and roof brackets

Windows and Doors

  • Double-hung windows, with upper sashes often broken up into smaller panes
  • Often a picture window with double-hung units on either side

Materials

  • Wood with stone, brick accents
  • Exterior clapboard siding
  • Wooden shingles or shakes and stucco

Additional Features

  • Gable venting
  • Prominent fireplaces
  • Battered posts or stylized columns

Source: City of Orange, About.com