Also known as Mediterranean revival, this style shows strong Latin influences and fosters a connection to nature. This style dates back to the tail end of the Spanish Conquistadors.
- Rectangular, courtyard, or L-plan.
- Horizontal massing.
- Asymmetrical shape with cross-gables and side wings.
- One story. The Spanish Colonial is the ancestor of ranch-style house.
- Flat roof, or roof with a low pitch
- Earth, thatch, or clay tile roof covering
- Thick walls made with rocks, coquina, or adobe brick coated with stucco. Thick walls are ideally situated for a hot environment — absorb the day’s heat and gently radiate it back into the building during the cool evenings.
- Several exterior doors
- Small windows, originally without glass. Smaller windows, originally sealed by wrought iron or wooden grates rather than glass panes, are sited on the building to best capture breezes while avoiding the direct rays of the sun.
- Wooden shutters, when present, are traditionally mounted on the inside of the home.
- Second story with recessed porches and balconies
- Limited ornamentation. Ornamentation on these informal homes was often limited to arches on entrance ways, principal windows and interior passageways.
- Interior courtyards. Historically, the courtyard let families move the cooking — and its accompanying heat and steam — outside. Today, these patios, porches and courtyards act as informal gathering spots for family, extended family and friends.
- Carved wooden brackets and ballustrudes. Wooden support beams. Wooden roof supports.